In 2005, Ontario signed the first Canada-Ontario Immigration Agreement (COIA) as recognition that municipalities have a crucial role to play in offering newcomers the necessary support and services to their successful integration with the local community.

The Municipal Immigration Committee (MIC) was established under COIA to explore municipal interest in immigration. The first Local Immigration Partnerships were established in 2008, funded by Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Local Immigration Partnerships (LIPs) are regional coalitions that work to build and strengthen community supports for newcomers by creating connections, raising awareness, and promoting innovation in human, social, political, and economic development.  LIPs are also instrumental in a collective and proactive plan to build welcoming, caring, and inclusive communities for immigrants looking to settle in Canada.